The life in the Baška area was conditioned by the rich valley open towards the sea. The settlement in the area was not always connected to one place alone, as is the case with Krk, Omišalj or Dobrinj. From the prehistory until the Middle Ages, the centre of life moved from one area to another, depending on historical changes. In the prehistory, ever since the Neolithic, the first “settlers” lived in caves situated on the slopes of the southern mountain massif (caves Škuljica and Voganjska Peć).
The traces of Roman urbanism are found in the littoral area. However, there is little information about this Roman village. The Roman cemetery was found near the beach, to the north of the church of St Marco, but there are no traces of a Roman settlement.
The first centuries a. d., i.e. centuries marked by the penetration of the Roman culture to the island and the unavoidable Romanisation, still remain vague. A few findings of antique stellae in the city of Baška, the antique necropolis from the 1st and 2nd century (north of the church of St Marco) and the finding of antique money from the 1st century show that it happened, but provide almost no information about the real antique urbanization of the area. The question is whether urbanization of the area did happen in the first centuries or, like in the other villages on the island, it was realized in the form of antique farm buildings – villa rustica which based their economy on exploiting the fertile Baška valley. Owing to the isolation of the Baška area in relation to the other parts of the island of Krk, Senj, a large antique town and a port, situated on the opposite coast, was its natural centre.
Still, the remains of two large old Christian basilicas, decorated with mosaics (the church at the site Mira near Jurandvor and the large double basilica under the church of St Marco), witness about the developed settlement in the late Antiquity, more precisely in the 5th century.
The name of castle Baška (castellum Besca) can be found in the Middle Ages, which just like any other castle on the island, was situated on the dominant position, two hundred meters above the sea, on a hill to the north-east of the today’s village.
The village was founded at the today’s site under force, caused by the Venetian devastation of the Croatian-Dalmatian littoral in 1380, when the castle Baška fell as the inhabitants did not want to surrender.
The establishment of a low-land littoral village at the today’s site and a systematic abandoning of the one on the hill lasted until the 16th century.
Today we see Baška as a typical littoral place with narrow meandering streets, located along the sea coast.
A major step in the development of Baška was conditioned by the growth of tourism as a logical answer to the large sandy beach stretching along the entire bay.